Royalty Accounting & Systems

royalty accounting journal entries

When the rights of trade mark are licensed along with a know-how, supplies, pooled advertising, etc., the result is often a franchise relationship. Franchise relationships may not specifically assign royalty payments to the trade mark licence, but may involve monthly fees and percentages of sales, among other payments. A trade mark right is an exclusive right to sell or market under that mark within a geographic territory. The rights may be licensed to allow a company other than the owner to sell goods or services under the mark. Royalties are typically agreed upon as a percentage of gross or net revenues derived from the use of an asset or a fixed price per unit sold of an item of such, but there are also other modes and metrics of compensation.

  • During the accounting period, ABC Co. sold products worth $100,000.
  • During periods when the royalty payments are higher than the minimum rent, the licensee pays the royalty payments.
  • The royalty payments to the developer are to be made in two stages.
  • However, this expense gives rise to a future income known as loyalty income.
  • A) Calculation of royalty based on

    output or sales, but minimum rent is fixed.

  • However, it allows ABC Co. to transfer the amount from deferred revenues to sales.

In other words, the clause of recoupment in Royalty Agreement provides the right to the lessee to recover excess payment made by him to the lessor for complying with the clause of minimum rent in the previous years. Both interactive and non-interactive streaming services are required and regulated by the Copyright Royalty Judges to pay out a minimum fee royalty accounting journal entries per stream. Interactive services must pay out $0.0022 per stream while non-interactive streaming services must pay $0.0017 per stream.

Redeemable Minimum Rent:

So, whenever a transaction occurs within a company, there must be at least two accounts affected. Below are some of the common situations wherein the accounts payable journal entries are to be maintained. In this year, there was an excess of Rs. 5,000 which could be recouped. But, as per question, maximum amount of recoupment should be Rs. 3,500. Ground Rent — Sometimes the Lessee is to pay an additional fixed rent in addition to the minimum rent which is known as Ground Rent or Surface Rent.

royalty accounting journal entries

Fixed Right means that the lessee can recover short working from the lessor within a particular time period from the date of lease of the asset. Such a period lays down the number of years during which Short Workings can be recouped or recovered by the lessee. To get rid of such a situation, the lessor requires a minimum amount of payment to be paid by the lessee irrespective of the number of goods produced or sold by the lessee.

Introduction to Royalty Accounts2. Types

In period 2 a further 600 games are sold and the developer makes the following entry. In period 1, 500 copies of the game are sold and the developer earns 4,000 in royalties and makes the following posting. Similarly, the company only allows customers to use this Accounting for Startups: 7 Bookkeeping Tips for Your Startup feature within a year. The primary purpose behind such compensations is to attract or retain customers. Companies also design these programs to encourage repeat customers. These operations may consist of sale proceeds from selling products or rendering services.

Download a free copy of MetaComet’s Royalty Automation Handbook and see how you can reduce your effort by up to 90%, simplify your processes and maximize accuracy in your royalty accounting. MetaComet’s David Marlin shares advice for simplifying the royalty accounting process. This article initially appeared on the Independent Publishers Guild’s website.

Royalty Payment Accounting Example – Licensee

Using an example, let us see how the three situations will record the journal entries for both the lessor and the lessee. Publishers pay the author of the book royalties based on how many copies of the books were sold. There is an agreement in place that dictates how much royalty is to be paid to the author by the publisher.

royalty accounting journal entries

Many university presses are familiar with the Cat’s Pajamas system (CPJ), which has a royalty system integrated into its order-processing software. There are limited options for customization, but since the primary benefit of CPJ is ease of use, it’s hard to complain about the limited options. The options for customization with these vendors are greater, but their systems are also more complex.

a)      When minimum rent account is not opened

For example, in the case of books, royalties are based on how many books have been sold. For other royalties such as mineral properties, there are two ways in which royalties can be computed; based on the units produced or revenue. Sometimes, a royalty percentage is computed and then paid to the owner.

  • Be sure to institute a policy of formally adding and verifying any contract revisions to avoid this situation.
  • Stepped royalties are simply a method of calculating the royalty due.
  • Let’s understand Royalties Accounting Treatment with the help of an example.
  • In the third case, when the actual royalty amount exceeds the minimum rent and short working is recouped, then the entries will look like this for lessee.
  • If there is no clause in the Royalty agreement about the Minimum Rent, there will neither be any short-working nor any recoupment.

Accounting information is used by the lessor in calculating the amount due from the lessee. Based in St. Petersburg, Fla., Karen Rogers covers the financial markets for several online publications. She received a bachelor’s degree in business administration from the University of South Florida. M. Ltd leases a property from Sri D. Poddar at a royalty of Rs. 1.50 per ton with a Minimum Rent of Rs. 10,000 p.a. Each year’s excess of Minimum Rent over royalties are recoverable out of royalties of next five years. A) Calculation of royalty based on

output or sales, but minimum rent is fixed.

How does royalty work?

The excess of Minimum Rent over actual royalty is known as short-working. Therefore, question of short-working will only arise when the actual royalty is less than the Minimum Rent. Short-workings which are recoupable will appear in the assets side of the Balance Sheet as a current asset.

  • In a smaller accounting environment, the bookkeeper may record journal entries.
  • Under a stepped royalty arrangement the rate might have been 8.00 for the first 1,000 games sold and 9.00 thereafter.
  • 2002— So, again, as actual royalty is more than the minimum rent by Rs. 4,000 (Rs. 15,000 – Rs. 10,000) it should be recouped against the un-recoupable part of short-working of 1998.
  • Synchronization royalties are due to the composer/songwriter or his/her publisher.
  • In this case the royalty due would have been calculated as follows.
  • In the books of lessee journal entries are

    passed in two different ways – without minimum rent account and with minimum rent


ABC Co. uses the following journal entries to record the transaction. Similarly, the supplier must separate earned revenues from royalty income at the time. This loyalty income will become a part of deferred revenues until earned. The agreement between both parties will also dictate the timing of the revenues for the customers. Due to these reasons, the accounting for loyalty income may fall under the scope of IFRS 15. The more customers spend on their products, the higher revenues these suppliers can generate.



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